Slovenians in the 20th Century

The National Museum of Contemporary History in Ljubljana opened its permanent exhibition called “Slovenians in the 20th Century” in 1996, after several years of professional preparation. The exhibition, which is spread over eight halls (462.7 m² of exhibition space), presents the most important events and processes intertwined with the way of living and working in the territory of Slovenia from the beginning of World War I to the present day.

The exhibition is intended to create awareness and trigger an emotional response in each and every visitor, and to enable visitors to find answers to their own questions through the diverse range of objects presented in the museum.

The twentieth century was one of the most turbulent periods in the history of Slovenia. During this period, Slovenia was under the rule of many different countries and forms of government. It survived two World Wars, participated in the technology revolution and, in 1991, after the Ten-Day War, Slovenia gained its independence and became a sovereign state.

This political and social framework serves as a basis for the exhibition narrative which takes visitors through a cavern from World War I to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, telling personal stories and experiences from World War II and continuing into the period of socialism, post-war killings and the industrialization of the economy in the former common state of Yugoslavia. The exhibition takes visitors on a journey through the political turmoil and democratic endeavours in the 1980s to Slovenia’s acquisition of independence in the 1990s and life in the independent Republic of Slovenia. It ends with Slovenia’s entry into the EU and Slovenia’s Presidency of the EU in 2008.

Since 1996, the permanent exhibition has been modified and expanded a number of times.

We aim to keep pace with the changing social processes that shape our historical view of the past, so we frequently modify and expand the exhibition, adding new stories and testimonials of life in the 20th century.


Exhibitions and events

Slovenci v XX. stoletju

Permanent exhibition

V Muzeju novejše zgodovine Slovenije smo leta 1996 po nekajletnih strokovnih pripravah odprli stalno razstavo Slovenci v XX. stoletju. V osmih dvoranah (462,7 m² razstavne...

Edi Šelhaus. Retrospektiva

Temporary exhibition at National Museum of Contemporary History until 29.09.2019

19. maj – 29. september 2019 Leta 2019 v Muzeju novejše zgodovine Slovenije praznujemo 100-letnico rojstva Edija Šelhausa, enega najbolj znanih slovenskih vojnih in povojnih fotoreporterjev. Ob tej...

Edi Šelhaus. Retrospective

Temporary exhibition at National Museum of Contemporary History until 29.09.2019

19 May – 29 September 2019 In 2019, the National Museum of Contemporary History is marking the 100th anniversary of the birth of one of Slovenia’s most famous wartime and post-war photoreporters,...

Activities from this museum

ROJSTNODNEVNE ZABAVE ZA OTROKE V MUZEJU

ROJSTNODNEVNE ZABAVE ZA OTROKE V MUZEJU Odličen in zabaven način praznovanja...


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